A Grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY). by Osahito Miyaoka

By Osahito Miyaoka

The quantity is an immense grammar of principal Alaskan Yupik (CAY). it's the end result of the author's linguistic reports performed in Alaska and somewhere else for the reason that round 1960, with suggestions of many local audio system. critical Alaskan Yupik is at the moment the main lively of the 19 ultimate local Alaskan languages. Descriptive in nature, huge and deep, this grammar is of typological and of ethnological/anthropological curiosity. Given the critically endangered kingdom of the language, this a lot of descriptive linguistic fabric is with out comparability within the field.

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Patientive stems............................................................................. 1. Medio-passives ............................................................................. 2. Antipassives (suffix-derived) ....................................................... 3. Impersonal-patientive stems ......................................................... 1. Transitive vs. intransitive ............................................................. 2. Impersonal verbs in summary ......................................................

17. 8. 1. 2. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 5. 1. 2. 3. 6. 7. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Abbreviations and conventions Different kinds of abbreviations (one-, two-, three- or two-letter) are used for mnemonic help, some with differentiating subscripts. 1576– 1604). ) C E EAPL EADV F G N P (P1, P2, …) R S Sa T V V agent impersonal agent (primary or extended) agent of upper-clause complex transitives demoted A, P, T, … consonant extended argument applicative adversative fricative genitive (1) noun/nominal (stem, inflection); (2) nasal patient phonological rules ditransitive recipient intransitive subject agentive/active intransitive subject ditransitive theme (1) verb (stem, inflection); (2) vowel full vowel (vowel other than /ܺ/) du.

11. Quasi-connectives (CNNqs) ....................................................... 1. |-Ѥћլ-| ~ |-nћլ-| ~ |+1viћ-| with the allative marker (‘until’) ............ 2. |-nћլ-| (~ |-Ѥћլ-|) with perlative or locative marker (‘after’) .......... 3. |-[̙DDQћլ-| with the ablative marker (‘since’) ............................... 4. |+(u)t-| with the locative marker (‘as soon as, when’) ............... 5. |+(u)ciћլ-| with the equalis marker (‘as soon as’) ........................ 1414 Chapter 51 Appositional mood .....................................................................................

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