A Grammar of Tundra Nenets by Irina Nikolaeva

By Irina Nikolaeva

The publication is the 1st vast description of Tundra Nenets, a Uralic language spoken in Western Siberia and the north of ecu Russia. It presents an enduring piece of documentation of this hugely endangered language. For a language as little researched as Nenets, any element of grammar might end up to be of power importance for the sector of linguistics and switch out to be theoretically demanding.

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The negative verb xənʹa- ‘how not’ does not have derived oblique stems and only employs the basic primary stem in inflection and derivation. The verbs mah- ‘to say’ and so- ‘to be heard’ also show some irregularities. The only really irregular noun is ŋəmke ‘what’, which forms the accusative plural stem as ŋəwo. 2 Secondary stems Secondary stems are derived from primary stems. The secondary stem of nouns is the oblique stem that appears in the accusative plural and serves as the base of further inflection in certain forms.

G. səwa mʹa-cʹə- ‘to be without a good tent’, səwa wenʹako-sʹ°- ‘to be without a good dog’. g. tʹīr°-sʹə-da ‘cloudless’ (from tʹīr° ‘cloud’), ŋodʹa-sʹə-da ‘without berries’. PART woman) ‘woman without small children’. 3 Adverbial forms of nouns The adverbial forms of nouns are fully productive (and possibly, inflectional) forms which have various adverbial functions and certain case-like properties. However, they stand outside the case system because they are not compatible with number and possessive marking.

3). First, it is used as an adjunct meaning ‘as’, ‘for’, ‘instead’, ‘like’ or the like. In this function it can be located NP-internally, as in the following examples: (23) a. mənʹ° mənc°rana-ŋe° I worker-ESS ‘my life as a worker’ yil°-mʹi life-1SG b. mənc°rana-ŋe° mənʹ° worker-ESS I ‘my life as a worker’ yil°-mʹi life-1SG c. mənʹ° yerw°-ŋe° (mənʹ°) I master-ESS I ‘my word as a boss’ wada-mʹi word-1SG 40 Grammatical classes d. *wada-mʹi yerw°-ŋe° I word-1SG master-ESS I (‘my word as a boss’) e.

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