By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the newest, groundbreaking archaeological study, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the heritage of old Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the good within the fourth century BCE till the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological proof with historic literary resources (including the Bible) to supply a sustained assessment of the tumultuous highbrow and non secular alterations that impacted global historical past in the course of the Greco-Roman period.
The authors display how the transformation of the traditional close to East below the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans resulted in foundational adjustments in either the fabric and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule through the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire supply a heritage for the emergence of Christianity. The authors realize within the archaeological list how Judaism and Christianity have been nearly undistinguishable for hundreds of years, till the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The merely book-length assessment to be had that makes a speciality of the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this finished and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new mild at the lands of the Bible.
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Additional resources for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
To the north, his forces moved into Gaulanitis and took Seleucia and Gamla. e. A line of fortiﬁcations and towers found along the southern bank of the Yarkon River may be related to the wall stretching from Antipatris to Ja∫a that Josephus reports Jannaeus built for defense (Ant. e. 42 Throughout the region, some sites went out of use, others appear to have had a change of occupants, and new settlements appeared. 43 Numismatic ﬁnds at Jotapata and Meiron provide striking testimony of change: the inﬂux of Seleucid coins ceased and that of Hasmonean coins began.
377; Ant. 189). Little is known of the Hasmonean street plan, but nothing suggests that it was organized on an orthogonal grid. Nor is there much evidence for a new proliferation of inscriptions, public or private. Another development, however, illustrates a way in which Jerusalem elites adopted a Hellenistic custom to display their status and wealth: the construction of prominent, publicly visible monumental 40 the advent of hellenism Fig. 14. ), both demonstrating the extent to which classical architectural styles inﬂuenced tombs in the heart of Judea at an early date (Photo courtesy of Sean Burrus) tombs outside the city walls.
E. were equipped with small stepped pools cut into bedrock, installations that most archaeologists regard as Jewish ritual baths (miqvaot) on the basis of their general similarity to those described in later rabbinic sources. 29 The appearance of specially constructed pools devoted to the purpose appears to be a new phenomenon of the late Hellenistic period. e. 31 These baths reﬂected the importance of ritual purity in early Judaism, an emphasis that would be seen in both rabbinic and New Testament literature.