By Alain Roques, Marc Kenis, David Lees, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde, Wolfgang Rabitsch, Jean-Yves Rasplus, David B. Roy
This e-book presents the fi rst accomplished evaluation of the fauna of alien terrestrial arthropods that experience colonized the eu continent and its linked islands. at once resulting from the DAISIE venture, this can be the results of the joint paintings of 89 authors from 27 various ecu international locations. The e-book summarizes current wisdom of the arthropod invasion strategy, from temporal traits and biogeographic styles, to pathways and vectors, invaded habitats, and ecological and inexpensive affects. a complete of 1590 species alien to Europe, together with crustaceans, myriapods, mites, spiders, and bugs, are indexed in volumes and 21 separate chapters that aspect the several taxonomic teams. for every species, all key details - feeding regime, date and state of fi rst list in Europe, invaded nations, invaded habitats, plant or animal host - is equipped. extra particular factsheets are supplied for the eighty species thought of to be so much consultant of different pathways of creation and of the range of affects on ecosystems, monetary actions and human and animal health and wellbeing.
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Additional resources for Alien Terrestrial Arthropods of Europe, Part 1.
Contaminant: Going for a ride? The contaminant pathway describes the unintentional transport of species within or on a specific commodity, contrary to stowaways, which are accidentally associated with any commodity. Stored product pests, for example, are translocated with the movements of the products and many species have subsequently achieved a cosmopolitan distribution. g. g. Sitophilus granarius and Oryzaephilus surinamensis (Levinson and Levinson 1994). In Europe and temperate regions in general, care of stored products achieves higher protection levels than in subtropical and tropical areas, where up to 10% of weight loss may occur, representing loss of nutritional quality, with associated impacts on human welfare (Rees 2004).
Pimentel D, Zuniga R, Morrison D (2005) Update on the environmental and economic costs associated with alien-invasive species in the United States. Ecological Economics 52: 273–88. Pyšek P, Bacher S, Chytry M, Jarošik V, Wild J, Celesti-Grapow L, Gasso N, Kenis M, Lambdon PW, Nentwig W, Pergl J, Roques A, Sol D, Solarz W, Vila M, Hulme PE (2009) Contrasting patterns in the invasions of European terrestrial and freshwater habitats by alien plants, insects and vertebrates. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19: 317–331.
With the construction of bigger and faster ships, even more organisms were translocated rapidly and with the advent of aircrafts this rate was yet further accelerated. Fast transit enables more species to survive transport and subsequently establish successfully in new regions. In addition, continental, land-locked areas became easily accessible (Mack 2003). Asia has recently gained increasing relevance as a country of export globally (Roques 2010) and as a donor region of alien species, particularly for insects associated with woody plants introduced to Europe (Roques et al.