By Benjamin F. Paley, Tomas E. Warfield
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Additional info for Amino Acid Receptor Research
The IBRB is structurally similar to the brain blood barrier (BBB), being covered by pericytes and Muller glial cells. This barrier presents, as BBB, a dynamic and regulatory interface and exerts a similar transporter function (Hosoya and Tomi, 2005). Although there are high levels of ascorbate in the retina, many evidences show that SVCT is not the molecule responsible for the entrance of vitamin C within the retina. , 2004). The GLUT family of transporters, specially GLUT 1, have already been described on IBRB (Hosoya and Tomi, 2005) and is responsible for vitamin C transport to the retina.
Subunit assembly of Nmethyl-d-aspartate receptors analyzed by fluorescence resonance energy transfer. J Biol Chem, 280, 24923-30. 16 Patrizia Guida, Paola Gavazzo and Carla Marchetti Steinmetz, R. , Nicotera, P. & Steinhilber, D. (2002). A simple cell line based in vitro test system for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor ligands. J Neurosci Methods, 113, 99-110. , Wang, J. , Li, J. , Zhu, W. , Wang, Y. , Luo, J. , Wolfe, B. B. & Grayson, D. R. (1998). Functional and pharmacological differences between recombinant N-methyl- D-aspartate receptors.
In the present work, we review neurochemical and developmental aspects of glutamate receptors in the chick retina. Emphasis is given to the following aspects: i) glutamate-induced release of neurotransmitters and neuroactive substances such as GABA, acetylcholine, adenosine and ascorbate in cultures of retinal cells; ii) glutamate excitotoxicity in purified cultures of retinal neurons and its regulation by adenosine and nitric oxide; iii) regulation of protein synthesis and nitric oxide production by NMDA receptors; iv) transduction pathways involved in glutamate signaling.